Systemic hypertension has been associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) applied in neonatal respiratory failure. To determine the incidence of ECMO-related hypertension, we reviewed blood pressure measurements from indwelling aortic catheters in 31 infants consecutively placed on ECMO. Systemic hypertension (systolic blood pressures >100 mm Hg for 4 or more consecutive hours) developed in 18 of the 31. Causes investigated included the roles of renin secretion, sodium, and colloid loads. There was no evidence of increased plasma renin activities in hypertensive infants (H), when compared with their own pre-ECMO controls or with the nonhypertensive infants (NH). Sodium and colloid loads and their rates of delivery were not different between H and NH. No consistent duration of ECMO was clearly associated with development of hypertension (mean time on ECMO at onset of hypertension, 43.8 ± 38.5 hours; range, 1 to 142 hours). Demographic information was not statistically significant. Contrary to previous reports, H did not seem predisposed to an increased incidence of intracranial hemorrhage. Development of hypertension during ECMO is not related to increased plasma renin activity, sodium or colloid loads, or their rates of infusion.
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
- hypertension, infant, newborn
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health