Incidence of vocal fold paralysis in infants undergoing ligatinn of patent ductus arteriosus

Hung Chih Chen

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BACKGROUND: Left-sided, iatrogenic vocal told paralysis (IVFP) secondary to recurrent laryngeal nerve injury is a potential complication of ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). This study investigates specific risk factors associated with IVFP. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all infants cases studied comprised all head and neck melanomas registered with the Scottish Melanoma Group between 1979 and 1992. apart from the three per cent of cases that were unclassifiable or are histogenetic types. The histogenetic types of melanoma were 498 (52 per cent) lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM). 237 (25 per cent) superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) and 21S (23 per cent) nodular melanoma (NM). All types increased in incidence throughout the study period. Patients with LMM (mean age 73 years) and NM (mean 68 years) were significantly older than those with SSM (mean 57 years). Therewere significant anatomical subsite differences related to sex of patients and histogenetic type of melanoma: melanomas on the face were more frequent in females and 90 per cent of LMM occurred at this site, whereas melanomas on the scalp, neck and ears were more frequent in men. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the probability of survival were produced for the 595 of these 953 patients with five year follow-up details. In this group of patients the prognostic significance of tumour thickness. Clark levels of invasion, ulceration, hislogenetic type of melanoma and number of mitoses were studied using stepwise variable selection of procedures. Each of these possible prognostic factors attained individual significance but the tumour thickness was the dominant risk factor in the proportional hazards analysis. When patients were divided into four sex-'ulceration subgroups (male/ulcerated, female/ulcerated, male/non-ulcerated, female/non-ulcerated) and analysed by proportional hazards analysis, no variable other than the tumour thickness had any further prognostic effect. Histogenetic type did not remain an independent prognostic variable at this stage. Despite sex and subsite differences, the prognosis for invasive lentigo maligna melanoma does not differ from that for other histogenetic types after controlling for tumour thickness. Author.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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