Increased appearance of inducible nitric oxide synthase in the uterus and embryo at implantation

Deeksha Saxena, Sharad B. Purohit, G. Pradeep Kumar, Malini Laloraya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of iNOS in the murine uterus and embryo at implantation. Western blot analysis showed the presence of a 130-kDa band with strong reactivity to anti-iNOS antibody in the pre- and peri-implantation stage uteri. This band was faint in the postimplantation uteri. Immunocytochemical studies showed a heavy localization of iNOS specifically on the apical cells of the uterine endometrium in the pre- and peri-implantation stages. But the postimplantation uteri showed resorbed endometrium showing weaker expression of iNOS. The iNOS was induced by estrogen and the induction was intensified when progesterone was given along with estrogen. This truly mimics the in vivo situation since implantation in mice occurs when an estrogen surge occurs on a background of progesterone. The embryos too express iNOS at the peri-implantation stage. We suggest that iNOS expressed at peri-implantation would lead to enhanced NO production, which could act as a vasodilator and an angiogenic mediator. These effects could promote the attachment of the blastocyst to the uterus. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-391
Number of pages8
JournalNitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Blastocyst
  • Embryo implantation
  • NO
  • O/·
  • iNOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research


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