Increased Pressure of Dilated Episcleral Veins with Open-angle Glaucoma without Exophthalmos

Eduardo D. Talusan, Sumner L. Fishbein, Bernard Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Six unilateral cases and one bilateral case of dilated episcleral veins with elevated intraocular pressure without exophthalmos are described. Episcleral venous pressure measured on six unilateral cases showed increased pressure in the affected eye compared to the other eye and to normal controls. Two eyes had typical glaucomatous disc and visual field changes. Five had more optic disc cupping and pallor in the eye with the elevated episcleral venous pressure and intraocular pressure. A thorough work-up, including orbital venography in two unilateral cases, carotid arteriography in one and episcleral fluorescein angiography in five cases, failed to show venous obstruction or direct arterio-venous communications. The differential diagnoses are discussed. This condition should be considered in unilateral or asymmetrical intraocular pressure elevation and in those patients with chronically red eyes without discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes


  • episcleral veins
  • glaucoma
  • open-angle glaucoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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