Demineralized freeze-dried bone (DFDB) in matrix form must be rehydrated with a carrier medium which allows for easy manipulation during periodontal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how human DFDB suspended in a polyol matrix affects new bone formation in the rat calvarium critical-sized defect (CSD) model. Fifty-five adult male Harlan Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 1 of 5 treatment groups: polyol, 100% DFDB, 47% DFDB/polyol, 47% DFDB, or an unfilled control. They were then placed into 8-m calvarial CSDs. The bone donor source company for the DFDB and DFDB/polyol groups was the same. Calvaria were harvested 10 weeks after surgery and evaluated histomorphometrically. The diameter of bone particles from the 3 groups containing DFDB was measured by scanning electron microscopy. There was no statistically significant difference in the percentage of bone fill between any of the groups, although the 100% DFDB group exhibited the most bone fill. The 47% DFDB/polyol and 47% DFDB groups had similar amounts of bone formation. The average size of the demineralized bone particles from the 100% DFDB group was significantly smaller than that of the other 2 groups containing DFDB. Adding a polyol to DFDB produced similar osseous regeneration in the rat calvarium defect model vs DFDB alone. Yet from a clinical standpoint, the polyol enhanced graft handling and stability. Graft particle size may have an effect on bone fill.
|Number of pages
|The Journal of oral implantology
|Published - 2008
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine