Integrated response to the dynamic threat of school violence

David W. Callaway, Ted C. Westmoreland, Alejandro A. Baez, Sean A. McKay, Ali S. Raja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A terrorist attack on US schools no longer can be considered a Black Swan event. Mounting evidence suggests that extremist organizations actively are targeting US schools. Equally disturbing are data suggesting that schools, universities, and communities are unprepared for large-scale violence. The Operational Medicine Institute Conference on an Integrated Response to the Modern Urban Terrorist Threat revealed significant variations in the perceived threats and critical response gaps among emergency medical providers, law enforcement personnel, politicians, and security specialists. The participants recommended several steps to address these gaps in preparedness, training, responses, and recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-470
Number of pages7
JournalPrehospital and Disaster Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • emergency medical services
  • first responders
  • gaps
  • preparedness
  • response
  • school violence
  • terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency


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