Juvenile Plasma Factors Improve Organ Function and Survival following Injury by Promoting Antioxidant Response

Xiaogang Chu, Kumar Subramani, Bobby Thomas, Alvin V. Terry, Sadanand Fulzele, Raghavan Pillai Raju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Studies have shown that factors in the blood of young organisms can rejuvenate the old ones. Studies using heterochronic parabiosis models further reinforced the hypothesis that juvenile factors can rejuvenate aged systems. We sought to determine the effect of juvenile plasma-derived factors on the outcome following hemorrhagic shock injury in aged mice. We discovered that pre-pubertal (young) mice subjected to hemorrhagic shock survived for a prolonged period, in the absence of fluid resuscitation, compared to mature or aged mice. To further understand the mechanism of maturational dependence of injury resolution, extracellular vesicles isolated from the plasma of young mice were administered to aged mice subjected to hemorrhagic shock. The extracellular vesicle treatment prolonged life in the aged mice. The treatment resulted in reduced oxidative stress in the liver and in the circulation, along with an enhanced expression of the nuclear factor erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its target genes, and a reduction in the expression of the transcription factor BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1). We propose that plasma factors in the juvenile mice have a reparative effect in the aged mice in injury resolution by modulating the Nrf2/Bach1 axis in the antioxidant response pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-582
Number of pages15
JournalAging and Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • aging
  • exosomes
  • extracellular vesicles
  • juvenile factors
  • shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cell Biology


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