KAL1 mutations are not a common cause of idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism in humans

Balasubramanian Bhagavath, Ning Xu, Metin Ozata, Robert L. Rosenfield, David P. Bick, Richard J. Sherins, Lawrence C Layman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism results in the absence of puberty and if left untreated leads to infertility. Mutations in KAL1 are known to account for some of the cases of Kallmann syndrome. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of KAL1 mutations in a large number of patients with idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH). One hundred and thirty eight patients (109 males and 29 females) with IHH were studied for mutations in KAL1. DNA from these patients was subjected to denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis or single strand conformation polymorphism to identify mutations. Sequencing was performed to confirm mutations detected. Four mutations were found in 109 males (3.7%). All four mutations were in anosmic/hyposmic men making the prevalence 4/63 (6.3%) in this group of patients. No mutations were found in the 29 female patients. KAL1 mutations are an uncommon cause of Kallmann syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Human Reproduction
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Gene mutation
  • Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism
  • Idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism
  • KAL1 gene
  • Kallmann syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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