In this study, we characterised the anti-tumour as well as the pro-metastatic activities of TNF mutants deficient in their lectin-like activity.16,19 We report that, despite reduced systemic toxicity as compared to wild-type (wt) mTNF, a (T104A) and a (T104A-E106A-E109A) mTNF mutant (triple mTNF) retained most of their necrotic and tumouristatic activities, as measured in a CFS-1 fibrosarcoma and a B16BL6 melanoma tumour model, respectively. These mutants also conserved their anti-angiogenic activity, as measured in an in vitro endothelial morphogenesis assay.26 In contrast, the pro-metastatic activity of the T104A and the triple mTNF mutants in the CFS-1 fibrosarcoma and the 3LL-R Lewis lung carcinoma tumour model was significantly lower than that of the wt molecule. These results thus indicate that the lectin-like domain of TNF is not implicated in its necrotic, tumouristatic and anti-angiogenic activities, but that it can contribute to the pro-metastatic effect of the cytokine. In conclusion, in view of their reduced systemic toxicity and pro-metastatic capacity, but their retained anti-tumour activities, lectin-deficient TNF mutants might prove to be therapeutically interesting alternatives to wt TNF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Feb 15 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research