Background: The nine-valent human papillomavirus (9vHPV) vaccine protects against infection and disease related to HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. The pivotal 36-month Phase III immunogenicity study of 9vHPV vaccine in 9- to 15-year-old girls and boys was extended to assess long-term immunogenicity and effectiveness through approximately 10 years after vaccination. We describe results of an interim analysis based on approximately 8 years of follow-up after vaccination. Methods: Participants aged 9–15 years who received three doses of 9vHPV vaccine (at day 1, month 2, and month 6) in the base study and consented to follow-up were enrolled in the long-term follow-up study extension (N = 1272 [females, n = 971; males, n = 301]). Serum was collected at months 66 and 90 to assess antibody responses. For effectiveness analysis, genital swabs were collected (to assess HPV DNA by polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) and external genital examination was conducted (to detect external genital lesions) every 6 months starting when the participant reached 16 years of age. Cervical cytology tests were conducted annually when female participants reached 21 years of age; participants with cytological abnormalities were triaged to colposcopy based on a protocol-specified algorithm. External genital and cervical biopsies of abnormal lesions were performed, and histological diagnoses were adjudicated by a pathology panel. Specimens were tested by PCR to detect HPV DNA. Results: Geometric mean titers for each 9vHPV vaccine HPV type peaked around month 7 and gradually decreased through month 90. Seropositivity rates remained >90% through month 90 for each of the 9vHPV vaccine types by HPV immunoglobulin Luminex Immunoassay. No cases of HPV6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58-related high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or genital warts were observed in the per-protocol population (n = 1107) based on a maximum follow-up of 8.2 years (median 7.6 years) post-Dose 3. Incidence rates of HPV6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58-related 6-month persistent infection in females and males were 49.2 and 37.3 per 10,000 person-years, respectively, which were within ranges expected in vaccinated cohorts. There were no vaccine-related SAEs or deaths during the period covered by this interim analysis. Conclusions: The 9vHPV vaccine provided sustained immunogenicity and durable effectiveness through approximately 7 and 8 years, respectively, following vaccination of girls and boys aged 9–15 years.
- Long-term follow-up
- Nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases