Magnesium and riboflavin combination therapy following cortical contusion injury in the rat

Adrianne B. Barbre, Michael R. Hoane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Previous research has shown that magnesium chloride (MgCl2) and riboflavin (B2) both significantly improve functional recovery when administered shortly after frontal cortical contusion injury (CCI). The purpose of the present study was to examine the ability of combination treatments of MgCl2 and B2 to improve functional outcome following unilateral CCI. One hour post-injury, rats were administered MgCl2 (1.0 mmol/kg), B2 (7.5 mg/kg), MgCl2 + B2 (1 mmol/kg + 7.5 mg/kg), 1/2 MgCl2 + 1/2 B2 (0.5 mmol/kg and 3.75 mg/kg), or saline. Two days following CCI rats were tested on a battery of sensorimotor (vibrissae → forelimb placing and tactile removal test) and motor (staircase test). A regimen of MgCl2 + B2 significantly reduced the initial impairment and facilitated the rate of recovery on the tactile removal test and facilitated the rate of recovery on the forelimb placing test. The half-dose combination did not significantly improve functional recovery on the tactile removal test compared to the individual treatments; however, it did improve performance on the forelimb placing test compared to saline treatment. Administration of MgCl2 improved performance on the placing and tactile removal tests on 2 post-operative days, as did treatment with B2 on the tactile removal test. The results indicate that the full combination of MgCl2 + B2 significantly improved functional recovery to a greater extent than the individual treatments or the low dose combination group on forelimb placing but not on tactile removal. These findings suggest that administration of MgCl2 + B2 may provide better therapeutic action than individual treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-646
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 31 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • B
  • Behavior
  • MgCl
  • Neuroprotection
  • Sensorimotor
  • TBI
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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