Measurement of microstrains across loaded resin-dentin interfaces using microscopic moiré interferometry

Judy D. Wood, Paul Sobolewski, Varun Thakur, Dwayne Arola, Ahmed Nazari, Franklin R. Tay, David H. Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Little is known about the mechanical behavior of resin-dentin interfaces during loading. The presence of relatively compliant hybrid and adhesive layers between stiffer dentin and resin composite should deform more during compressive loading. Objective: The objective of this study was to measure changes in microstrain across bonded dentin interfaces in real time using a recently developed microscope moiré interferometer. Method: This system used a miniature moiré interferometer, using two CCD cameras for simultaneous recording of longitudinal and transverse deformation fields, a piezotransducer for fringe shifting and use of a microscope objective with magnification up to 600×. Small beams (1 mm × 2 mm × 6 mm) of moist resin-bonded dentin covered with cross-lined diffraction grating replica were placed in a miniature compression tester to allow controlled loading from 2 to 37 N while imaging the interference fringe patterns. Results: Resin-dentin interfaces created by bonding dentin with Single Bond/Z100, under compressive loading, exhibited comparatively large strains across the adhesive-hybrid interface. When the wrapped phase maps were unwrapped to permit conversion of fringe order to displacements, the 2-D profiles of strain fields revealed non-uniform strains across the adhesive interface. In the adhesive/hybrid layer zone, the negative strain was larger (i.e. -6000 με) than that seen in the adjacent resin composite or underlying mineralized dentin. The changes were elastic because they disappeared when the load was removed. Significance: Microscopic moiré interferometry can be very useful in revealing real-time strain across bonded interfaces under load.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-866
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2008


  • Composite
  • Compression
  • Dentin
  • Dentin bonding agent
  • Mechanical properties
  • Moiré interferometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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