Medium flow rate modulates autocrine-paracrine feedback of GH and PRL release by perifused GH3 cells

M. E. Stachura, C. A. Lapp, J. M. Tyler, Y. S. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We previously documented both the spontaneous acceleration of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) production by GH3 cells during periffusion and the suppression of their production during plate culture. We here present the role played by medium flow itself in this differential behavior. Increasing rates of perifusion flow (pump rates of 1 to 5 ml/h, equivalent to chamber flow rates of 0.19 to 1.3 μl·min-1·mm-2 of cross-sectional area) were associated with enhanced GH and PRL secretion. Flow rate-dependent basal hromone secretion rates were established quickly and were stable for the first 10 to 14 h of perifusion. The previously documented independent, spontaneous, and continuously accelerating production of both hormones that followed during the subsequent 40 (PRL) to 60 (GH) h of perifusion was also shown to be flow-rate related. Any time the rate of medium flow was changed within an experiment, the rate of hormone secretion was modulated. However, that modulation did not interrupt ongoing flow-associated acceleration of hormone production once the latter had begun. In addition, GH3 cell product(s) from one cell column reversibly inhibited secretion from cells in a downstream column. The inhibition did not occur when cells in the downstream column had been exposed to trypsin. Other work had suggested that neither GH, PRL, insulinlike growth factor-I, leucine, nor nutrient exhaustion were responsible for the effect. These data are consistent with autocrine-paracrine feedback regulation of GH3 cells by a secretory product(s). Feedback would thus provide a mechanism to effect flow-rate-dependent modulation of GH and PRL release, and to explain accelerating hormone production during perifusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-492
Number of pages11
JournalIn Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1990


  • GH cells
  • autocrine
  • feedback
  • growth hormone
  • perifusion
  • prolactin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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