Modulation of the BCL-2/BAX ratio by interferon-γ and hypoxia in human peritoneal and adhesion fibroblasts

Ghassan M. Saed, Zhongliang Jiang, Nicole M. Fletcher, Michael P. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the effect of interferon (IFN)-γ treatment under normal and hypoxic conditions on the BCL-2/BAX ratio of fibroblasts obtained from normal peritoneal and adhesion tissues of the same patients. Design: Prospective experimental study. Setting: University medical center. Patient(s): Fibroblasts from peritoneum and adhesion tissues of 5 patients. Intervention(s): Hypoxia and IFN-γ treatments of fibroblasts. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the multiplex polymerase chain reaction technique to measure expression of BCL-2 and BAX in normal peritoneal and adhesion fibroblasts exposed to hypoxia (2% O2), in the presence or absence of IFN-γ for different time points and dosages. Result(s): At baseline, adhesion fibroblasts manifested decreased basal levels of apoptosis compared with normal fibroblasts. Hypoxia treatment resulted in a time-response decrease in apoptosis in both cell lines. Interferon-γ treatment resulted in a dose-response increase in apoptosis in both cell lines. Hypoxia had a reduced or no effect on apoptosis in the presence of increasing doses of IFN-γ in both cell types. Conclusion(s): Interferon-γ can block the effects of hypoxia on apoptosis, supporting the antifibrogenic nature of this cytokine. This suggests that IFN-γ would be a good candidate for consideration for intervention in the development of peritoneal adhesions and fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1925-1930
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • BCL-2/BAX ratio
  • Postoperative adhesions
  • apoptosis
  • hypoxia
  • interferon-γ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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