The microcirculation constitutes the functional interface between the circulating blood and the interstitial space. To gain access to sites of inflammation, leukocytes must pass the endothelial barrier. The recruitment paradigm encompasses leukocyte margination, capture, rolling, activation, firm adhesion, and transmigration. Recent experimental work has shown that E-, L- and P-selectins and α4 integrins can mediate leukocyte rolling. Upon activation by chemokines, complement peptides or lipid mediators, firm adhesion is afforded by β1 and β2 integrins, InterCellular Adhesion Molecules (ICAMs) and Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (VCAM-1). β1 and β2 integrins as well as Platelet-Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (PECAM-1) have been shown to be involved in transmigration. Intravital microscopic techniques have been instrumental in applying the conceptual advances of cell and molecular biology to the in vivo situation. This review focuses on the current understanding of the leukocyte recruitment paradigm as suggested by in vivo observations and in vitro model systems. The paradigm of neutrophil recruitment is presented to serve as a model for the recruitment mechanisms of other inflammatory cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Oct 1996|
- Neutrophil activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)