Monocyte-Endothelial Cell Interactions in the Development of Atherosclerosis

Javier Mestas, Klaus Ley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

401 Scopus citations


The activation of endothelial cells at atherosclerotic lesion-prone sites in the arterial tree results in the up-regulation of cell adhesion molecules and chemokines, which mediate the recruitment of circulating monocytes. Accumulation of monocytes and monocyte-derived phagocytes in the wall of large arteries leads to chronic inflammation and the development and progression of atherosclerosis. This review discusses the nature of these molecules and the mechanisms involved in the early steps of monocyte recruitment into atherosclerotic lesion sites within the vessel wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-232
Number of pages5
JournalTrends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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