An increase in cellular levels of cyclic nucleotides activates serine/threonine-dependent kinases that lead to diverse physiological effects. Recently we reported the activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in neutrophils by a cGMP-dependent mechanism. In this study we demonstrated that exogenously supplied nitric oxide leads to activation of p38 MAPK in 293T fibroblasts. Phosphorylation of p38 corresponded with an increase in ATF-2-dependent gene expression. The effect of nitric oxide was mimicked by addition of 8-bromo-cGMP, indicating that activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase was involved. The importance of cGMP- dependent protein kinase in the activation of p38 MAPK by nitric oxide in 293T cells was assessed in a transfection based assay. Overexpression of cGMP-dependent protein kinase-1α caused phosphorylation of p38 in these cells and potentiated the effectiveness of cGMP. Overexpression of a catalytically inactive mutant form of this enzyme (T516A) blocked the ability of both nitric oxide and 8-bromo-cGMP to activate p38 as measured by both p38 phosphorylation and ATF-2 driven gene expression. Together, these data demonstrate that nitric oxide stimulates a novel pathway leading to activation of p38 MAPK that requires activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 28 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology