Non-coding RNAs in kidney injury and repair

Zhiwen Liu, Ying Wang, Shaoqun Shu, Juan Cai, Chengyuan Tang, Zheng Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major kidney disease featured by a rapid decline of renal function. Pathologically, AKI is characterized by tubular epithelial cell injury and death. Besides its acute consequence, AKI contributes critically to the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). After AKI, surviving tubular cells regenerate to repair. Normal repair restores tubular integrity, while maladaptive or incomplete repair results in renal fibrosis and eventually CKD. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are functional RNA molecules that are transcribed from DNA but not translated into proteins, which mainly include microRNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs), small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), and tRNAs. Accumulating evidence suggests that ncRNAs play important roles in kidney injury and repair. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in the understanding of the roles of ncRNAs, especially miRNAs and lncRNAs in kidney injury and repair, discuss the potential application of ncRNAs as biomarkers of AKI as well as therapeutic targets for treating AKI and impeding AKI-CKD transition, and highlight the future research directions of ncRNAs in kidney injury and repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C177-C188
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2019


  • Kidney injury
  • Kidney repair
  • LncRNA
  • MicroRNA
  • Non-coding RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology


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