One-year stability of resin-dentin bonds created with a hydrophobic ethanol-wet bonding technique

Fernanda T. Sadek, Carina S. Castellan, Roberto R. Braga, Sui Mai, Leo Tjäderhane, David H. Pashley, Franklin R. Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


Dentin bonding performed with hydrophobic resins using ethanol-wet bonding should be less susceptible to degradation but this hypothesis has never been validated. Objectives: This in vitro study evaluated stability of resin-dentin bonds created with an experimental three-step BisGMA/TEGDMA hydrophobic adhesive or a three-step hydrophilic adhesive after one year of accelerated aging in artificial saliva. Methods: Flat surfaces in mid-coronal dentin were obtained from 45 sound human molars and randomly divided into three groups (n = 15): an experimental three-step BisGMA/TEGDMA hydrophobic adhesive applied to ethanol (ethanol-wet bonding-GI) or water-saturated dentin (water-wet bonding-GII) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose [MP-GIII] applied, according to manufacturer instructions, to water-saturated dentin. Resin composite crowns were incrementally formed and light-cured to approximately 5 mm in height. Bonded specimens were stored in artificial saliva at 37 °C for 24 h and sectioned into sticks. They were subjected to microtensile bond test and TEM analysis immediately and after one year. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Results: MP exhibited significant reduction in microtensile bond strength after aging (24 h: 40.6 ± 2.5a; one year: 27.5 ± 3.3b; in MPa). Hybrid layer degradation was evident in all specimens examined by TEM. The hydrophobic adhesive with ethanol-wet bonding preserved bond strength (24 h: 43.7 ± 7.4a; one year: 39.8 ± 2.7a) and hybrid layer integrity, with the latter demonstrating intact collagen fibrils and wide interfibrillar spaces. Significance: Coaxing hydrophobic resins into acid-etched dentin using ethanol-wet bonding preserves resin-dentin bond integrity without the adjunctive use of MMPs inhibitors and warrants further biocompatibility and patient safety's studies and clinical testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010


  • Degradation
  • Ethanol-wet bonding
  • Hybrid layer
  • Hydrophobic resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


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