Optimizing bone health and calcium intakes of infants, children, and adolescents

Frank R. Greer, Nancy F. Krebs, Robert D. Baker, Jatinder J.S. Bhatia, Melvin B. Heyman, Fima Lifshitz, Donna Blum-Kemelor, Margaret P. Boland, William Dietz, Van Saxton Hubbard, Susan J. Walker, Pamela T. Kanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

256 Scopus citations


Most older children and adolescents in the United States currently do not achieve the recommended intake of calcium. Maintaining adequate calcium intake during childhood and adolescence is necessary for the development of peak bone mass, which may be important in reducing the risk of fractures and osteoporosis later in life. Optimal calcium intake is especially relevant during adolescence, when most bone mineral accretion occurs. Because of the influence of the family's diet on the diet of children and adolescents, adequate calcium intake by all members of the family is important. Assessment of calcium intake can be performed in the physician's office. A well-rounded diet including low-fat dairy products, fruits, and vegetables and appropriate physical activity are important for achieving good bone health. Establishing these practices in childhood is important so that they will be followed throughout the life span.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-585
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone mass
  • Calcium
  • Diet
  • Fractures
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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