Outcomes and complications of primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty with minimum of 2 years’ follow-up: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Joseph W. Galvin, Ryan Kim, Alexander Ment, Joseph Durso, Patrick M.N. Joslin, Jacie L. Lemos, David Novikov, Emily J. Curry, Maxwell C. Alley, Stephen A. Parada, Josef K. Eichinger, Xinning Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is an effective treatment option for reducing pain and improving function for patients with rotator cuff tear arthropathy, irreparable rotator cuff tears, glenoid deformity, and other challenging clinical scenarios, including fracture sequelae and revision shoulder arthroplasty. There has been a wide range of reported outcomes and postoperative complication rates reported in the literature. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to provide an updated review of the clinical outcomes and complication rates following primary rTSA. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate outcomes and complications following primary rTSA according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Demographics, range of motion, patient-reported outcome measures (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form [ASES] and Constant scores), number of complications, and revisions were extracted, recorded, and analyzed from the included articles. Results: Of the 1415 studies screened, 52 studies met the inclusion criteria comprising a total of 5824 shoulders. The mean age at the time of surgery was 72 years (range: 34-93), and the mean follow-up was 3.9 years (range: 2-16). Patients demonstrated a mean improvement of 56° in active flexion, 50° in active abduction, and 14° in active external rotation. Regarding functional outcome scores, rTSA patients demonstrated a mean clinically significant improvement of 37 in Constant score (minimal clinically important difference [MCID] = 5.7) and ASES score (42.0; MCID = 13.6). The overall complication rate for rTSA was 9.4% and revision rate of 2.6%. Complications were further subdivided into major medical complications (0.07%), shoulder- or surgical-related complications (5.3%), and infections (1.2%). The most frequently reported shoulder- or surgical-related complications were scapular notching (14.4%), periprosthetic fracture (0.8%), glenoid loosening (0.7%), and prosthetic dislocation (0.7%). Discussion: Primary rTSA is a safe and reliable procedure with low complication, revision, infection, and scapular notching rates. Additionally, patients demonstrated clinically significant improvements in both range of motion and clinical outcome scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e534-e544
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Level IV
  • Reverse or total shoulder
  • Systematic Review
  • arthroplasty
  • complications
  • meta-analysis
  • outcomes
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes and complications of primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty with minimum of 2 years’ follow-up: a systematic review and meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this