Paranasal sinus squamous cell carcinoma incidence and survival based on surveillance, epidemiology, and end results data, 1973 to 2009

Benjamin Ansa, Michael Goodman, Kevin Ward, Scott A. Kono, Taofeek K. Owonikoko, Kristin Higgins, Jonathan J. Beitler, William Grist, Trad Wadsworth, Mark El-Deiry, Amy Y. Chen, Fadlo Raja Khuri, Dong M. Shin, Nabil F. Saba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND Paranasal sinus squamous cell carcinomas (PNSSCC) account for 3% of all head and neck malignancies. There has been little information on the trends in incidence and survival, and no randomized trials have been conducted to guide therapy. METHODS Patients with PNSSCC reported to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program from 1973 through 2009 were categorized by sex, age, year of diagnosis, primary site, stage, and treatment. The incidence and survival were then compared across different demographic and disease-related categories by calculating rate ratios (RRs) and mortality hazard ratios along with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS In total, 2553 patients with PNSSCC were identified. While incidence of PNSSCC showed a gradual decline, survival remained largely unchanged. The proportion of patients with advanced disease decreased from 14.7% during the period from 1983 to 1992 to 12.4% during 1993-2002 and to 9.5% during 2003-2009. Compared with whites, incidence was higher among African Americans (RR 1.63; 95% CI, 1.39, 1.90) and among all other racial groups (RR, 1.78; 95% CI: 1.53-2.07). After adjusting for age, sex, disease stage, tumor site, and treatment, mortality among African American patients also was increased (hazard ratio, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.04-1.43). Among patients with localized disease, the relation between race and mortality was no longer evident once the results were controlled for tumor classification. CONCLUSIONS The current findings point to racial disparities in the incidence of PNSSCC and, to a lesser extent, in the outcome of patients with PNSSCC. Although there has been a decline in the proportion of patients presenting with advanced PNSSCC, the overall survival remained stable over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2602-2610
Number of pages9
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 15 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • incidence and survival of sinonasal cancers
  • paranasal sinus
  • squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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