Parkinson's disease: From molecular pathways in disease to therapeutic approaches

Bobby Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex multifactor disease marked by extensive neuropathology in the brain with selective yet prominent and progressive loss of midbrain dopamine neurons. Clinically PD is characterized by motor abnormalities including resting tremor, bradykinesia, altered gait, muscular rigidity, postural instability, together with autonomic dysfunctions. The etiological factors involved in the development of PD are still elusive, but there is considerable evidence that a combination of genetic susceptibilities and environmental factors plays a critical role in disease pathogenesis. The identification of single genes in the past decade linked to heritable forms of PD has challenged the previously held view of a nongenetic etiology for this progressive movement disorder. These genetic breakthroughs have revolutionized the research by providing unique opportunities to pursue novel mechanisms and identified new clues to disease pathogenesis in PD. This forum review provides an update on current hypotheses and recent findings in mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative damage, innate and adaptive immune systems, protein misfolding and aggregation, and advances in translational approaches to PD. These aspects are reviewed with an aim to promote better understanding of molecular pathways prevalent in parkinsonian brain that will eventually aide in development of promising therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2077-2082
Number of pages6
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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