Paucity of nanolayering in resin-dentin interfaces of MDP-based adhesives

Fucong Tian, L. Zhou, Z. Zhang, L. Niu, L. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Zhou, H. Yang, X. Wang, B. Fu, C. Huang, David Henry Pashley, Franklin Chi Meng Tay

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63 Scopus citations


Self-assembled nanolayering structures have been reported in resin-dentin interfaces created by adhesives that contain 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP). These structures have been hypothesized to contribute to bond durability. The objective of the present study was to determine the extent of nanolayering in resin-dentin interfaces after application of commercialized 10-MDP-containing self-etch and universal adhesives to human dentin. Seven commercialized adhesives were examined: Adhese Universal (Ivoclar-Vivadent), All-Bond Universal (Bisco, Inc.), Clearfil SE Bond 2, Clearfil S3 Bond Plus, Clearfil Universal Bond (all from Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc.), G-Premio Bond (GC Corp.), and Scotchbond Universal (3M ESPE). Each adhesive was applied in the self-etch mode on midcoronal dentin according to the respective manufacturer's instructions. Bonded specimens (n = 6) were covered with flowable resin composite, processed for transmission electron microscopy, and examined at 30 random sites without staining. Thin-film glancing angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to detect the characteristic peaks exhibited by nanolayering (n = 4). The control consisted of 15%wt, 10%wt, and 5%wt 10-MDP (DM Healthcare Products, Inc.) dissolved in a mixed solvent (ethanol and water weight ratio 9:8, with photoinitiators). Experimental primers were applied to dentin for 20 s, covered with hydrophobic resin layer, and examined in the same manner. Profuse nanolayering with highly ordered periodicity (∼3.7 nm wide) was observed adjacent to partially dissolved apatite crystallites in dentin treated with the 15% 10-MDP primer. Three peaks in the 2θ range of 2.40° (3.68 nm), 4.78° (1.85 nm), and 7.18° (1.23 nm) were identified from thin-film XRD. Reduction in the extent of nanolayering was observed in the 10% and 5% 10-MDP experimental primer-dentin interface along with lower intensity XRD peaks. Nanolayering and characteristic XRD peaks were rarely observed in specimens prepared from the commercialized adhesives. The sparsity of nanolayering in resin-dentin interfaces created by commercialized adhesives challenges its clinical effectiveness as a mechanism for improving bond longevity in dentin bonding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2016


  • 10-MDP
  • dental bonding
  • functional monomer
  • methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate
  • transmission electron microscopy
  • x-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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