Predicting violence risk and recidivism in female parolees: A state-wide sample

Jessica Y. Britt, Christina L. Patton, Dominique N. Remaker, Lettie Prell, Michael J. Vitacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Historically, research on violence risk assessments has primarily focused on male psychiatric patients and/or inmates, with minimal attention given to female patients and/or inmates—two populations likely to differ with regard to violence risk conceptualization. To date, there is no known measure of violence risk specifically tailored to predicting risk for this population that is accurate, brief, and cost-effective. As such, the current study exclusively focused on the predictive ability of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument (IVVI) for female parolees over a 30-month follow-up period. Results indicated not only was the IVVI comparable across genders, its predictive power was comparable to more established measures (i.e., Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised, HCR-20 V3). Results also found the IVVI may have greater usefulness with prediction of violent and felony property offenses, but limited usefulness for predicting misdemeanor property and drug offenses. Taken together, findings gathered from the current study suggest while women are reoffending at lower rates than men, yet there are fewer gender differences in risk factors for engaging in violence than expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101471
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Female parolees
  • Recidivism
  • Violence risk
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law


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