Prediction of ventilation at maximal exercise in chronic air-flow obstruction

T. A. Dillard, S. Piantadosi, K. R. Rajagopal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


In chronic air-flow obstruction (CAO), inspiratory mechanics constitute a potential mechanism of compensation for limitation of expiratory air flow. We sought to determine whether assessment of inspiratory function could improve our ability to predict ventilation at maximal exercise (V̇e max) in patients with CAO. Resting inspiratory and expiratory pulmonary function studies from 20 patients with ventilatory limitation of exercise due to CAO provided data for development of a new regression model for V̇e max. Maximal exercise was quantitated from breath-by-breath analysis of exercise responses at cycle ergometry with work increments of 25 watts each min to tolerance. Multiple regression analysis by 3 methods gave identical results. A 2-variable formula containing peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR) and the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) correlated strongly with V̇e max (r = 0.967) in the formula V̇e max (L/min) = 21.34 FEV1 (L) + 6.28 PIFR (L/s) + 3.94 (95% Cl = ± 18 L/min). This model was significantly different from published models containing FEV1 alone (p = 0.0002) and was not improved by additional variables. Similar formulas derived for emphysematous and bronchitic clinical types of CAO did not exhibit significantly different slope and intercept coefficients. Both PIFR and FEV1 correlated strongly with tidal volume at maximal exercise. The PIFR also correlated well with resting peak inspiratory airway pressure (r = 0.775). We conclude that considerations of PIFR in addition to FEV1 can improve our clinically ability to predict V̇e max in patients with CAO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Review of Respiratory Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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