Preoperative strategies to assess cardiac risk before noncardiac surgery

Liwa T. Younis, Donald D Miller, Bernard R. Chaitman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The strategies recommended in the preoperative cardiac risk assessment prior to major vascular and nonvascular surgery are reviewed. The role of clinical evaluation, noninvasive stress testing (exercise test, stress myocardial perfusion imaging, stress echocardiography), and Holter monitoring during the preoperative evaluation are outlined and the value of intervention based on the use of each test is discussed. Recommended strategies to evaluate patients based on their clinical risk markers in addition to the results of the noninvasive risk assessment are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-454
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1995


  • major surgery
  • noninvasive testing
  • preoperative evaluation
  • preoperative intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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