Prevention of traumatic brain injury in youth and adolescents

Vernon A. Barnes, Bernard L. Maria, Alice Little Caldwell, Irene Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The goal of this project was to promote bicycle helmet use via an inpatient educational program. We hypothesized that this program would increase bicycle helmet use. One hundred twenty inpatients with history of regular (>1 time per week) bicycle riding (mean age 10.0 ± 3.6 years; 67 males, 53 females; 57 whites, 59 blacks, 4 other) were randomized to treatment (n = 58) or control (n = 62) groups. All participants received a bicycle helmet. At 1 month, 50 (92.6%) of the intervention group and 48 (82.8%) of the control group wore a helmet every bike ride (P <.07). At 3 months, 50 (96.2%) of the intervention group and 44 (80%) of the controls wore a helmet with every bike ride (P <.03). The study proved feasible, requiring trained personnel to deliver the intervention. Providing a helmet without the intervention was effective in 80% to 83% of cases with respect to parental report of helmet wearing compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1412-1417
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • anticipatory guidance
  • communications
  • counseling
  • helmet safety
  • injury prevention
  • patient education
  • risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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