Prosthetic considerations for orthodontic implant site development in the adult patient.

Alexandra I. Holst, Emeka Nkenke, Markus B. Blatz, Hans Geiselhöringer, Stefan Holst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Proper site development is a key factor for long-term clinical success of dental implants. Whereas surgical and restorative techniques have been refined to ensure predictable functional and esthetic outcome, individual clinical prerequisites do not always allow proper placement of implants when prosthetic and material properties are considered. Orthodontic tooth movement may be a viable and nonsurgical site development treatment option. With the introduction and advancements of minimal invasive and less visible orthodontic appliances, a growing number of adult patients are willing to obtain orthodontic treatment. The spectrum of modern appliances is broad and ranges from clear aligners to lingual brackets. Skeletal anchorage devices such as orthodontic mini-implants often eliminate unpopular external anchorage devices (ie, headgear) in adult patients, This article discusses the selection of an appropriate pretreatment approach by taking patient-specific criteria into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Issue number11 Suppl
StatePublished - Nov 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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