Protective effect of Solanum nigrum leaves extract on immobilization stress induced changes in rat's brain

Syed Kashif Zaidi, Md Nasrul Hoda, Shams Tabrez, Shakeel Ahmed Ansari, Mohammad Alam Jafri, Mohd Shahnawaz Khan, Shirin Hasan, Mohammed H. Alqahtani, Adel Mohammed Abuzenadah, Naheed Banu

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40 Scopus citations


The prophylactic or curative antioxidant efficacy of crude extract and the active constituent of S. nigrum leaves were evaluated in modulating inherent antioxidant system altered due to immobilization stress in rat brain tissues, in terms of measurement of glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS), and free radical scavenging enzymes activities. Rats were treated with single dose of crude extract of S. nigrum prior to and after 6 h of immobilization stress exposure. Exposure to immobilization stress resulted in a decrease in the brain levels of glutathione, SOD, GST, and catalase, with an increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels. Treatment of S. nigrum extract and its active constituents to both pre- and poststressed rats resulted in significant modulation in the above mentioned parameters towards their control values with a relative dominance by the latter. Brain is vulnerable to stress induced prooxidant insult due to high levels of fat content. Thus, as a safe herbal medication the S. nigrum leaves extract or its isolated constituents can be used as nutritional supplement for scavenging free radicals generated in the brain due to physical or psychological stress or any neuronal diseases per se.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number912450
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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