Push-out strength of modified Portland cements and resins

Francesco Iacono, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi, Bradford Huffman, Jeremy Sword, Kelli Agee, Francesco Siboni, Franklin Tay, Carlo Prati, David Henry Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Purpose: Modified calcium-silicate cements derived from white Portland cement (PC) were formulated to test their push-out strength from radicular dentin after immersion for 1 month. Methods: Slabs obtained from 42 single-rooted extracted teeth were prepared with 0.6 mm diameter holes, then enlarged with rotary instruments. After immersion in EDTA and NaOCl, the holes were filled with modified PCs or ProRoot MTA, Vitrebond and Clearfil SE. Different concentrations of phyllosilicate (montmorillonite-MMT) were added to experimental cements. ProRoot MTA was also included as reference material. Vitrebond and Clearfil SE were included as controls. Each group was tested after 1 month of immersion in water or PBS. A thin-slice push-out test on a universal testing machine served to test the push-out strength of materials. Results were statistically analyzed using the least squares means (LSM) method. Results: The modified PCs had push-out strengths of 3-9.5 MPa after 1 month of immersion in water, while ProRoot MTA had 4.8 MPa. The push-out strength of PC fell after incubation in PBS for 1 month, while the push-out strength of ProRoot MTA increased. There were no significant changes in Clearfil SE Bond or Vitrebond after water or PBS storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-46
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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