Rare structural variants, aneuploidies, and mosaicism in individuals with Mullerian aplasia detected by optical genome mapping

Soumia Brakta, Zoe A. Hawkins, Nikhil Sahajpal, Natalie Seman, Dina Kira, Lynn P. Chorich, Hyung Goo Kim, Hongyan Xu, John A. Phillips, Ravindra Kolhe, Lawrence C. Layman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The molecular basis of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome remains largely unknown. Pathogenic variants in WNT4 and HNF1B have been confirmed in a small percent of individuals. A variety of copy number variants have been reported, but causal gene(s) remain to be identified. We hypothesized that rare structural variants (SVs) would be present in some individuals with MRKH, which could explain the genetic basis of the syndrome. Large molecular weight DNA was extracted from lymphoblastoid cells from 87 individuals with MRKH and available parents. Optical genome mapping (OGM) was performed to identify SVs, which were confirmed by another method (quantitative PCR, chromosomal microarray, karyotype, or fluorescent in situ hybridization) when possible. Thirty-four SVs that overlapped coding regions of genes with potential involvement in MRKH were identified, 14 of which were confirmed by a second method. These 14 SVs were present in 17/87 (19.5%) of probands with MRKH and included seven deletions, three duplications, one new translocation in 5/50 cells—t(7;14)(q32;q32), confirmation of a previously identified translocation—t(3;16)(p22.3;p13.3), and two aneuploidies. Of interest, three cases of mosaicism (3.4% of probands) were identified—25% mosaicism for trisomy 12, 45,X(75%)/46,XX (25%), and 10% mosaicism for a 7;14 translocation. Our study constitutes the first systematic investigation of SVs by OGM in individuals with MRKH. We propose that OGM is a promising method that enables a comprehensive investigation of a variety of SVs in a single assay including cryptic translocations and mosaic aneuploidies. These observations suggest that mosaicism could play a role in the genesis of MRKH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-494
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Rare structural variants, aneuploidies, and mosaicism in individuals with Mullerian aplasia detected by optical genome mapping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this