Reactive oxygen species rapidly increase endothelial ICAM-1 ability to bind neutrophils without detectable upregulation

Hassan Sellak, Elisabeth Franzini, Jacques Hakim, Catherine Pasquier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations


We compared the effects of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and thrombin with those of nonlytic concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by hypoxanthine (HX)-xanthine oxidase (XO) on the adhesion properties of human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to resting polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). PMN adherence to HX-XO-treated HUVEC was increased approximately twofold to 2.5-fold relative to untreated HUVEC, both immediately and after 2 hours. It was not additive to that induced by PMA or thrombin stimulation of HUVEC. ROS-induced adherence was not due to platelet- activating factor (PAF) or P-selectin expression, as it was neither antagonized by BN52021 (PAF receptor antagonist) nor inhibited by anti-P- selectin monoclonal antibody (MoAb), contrary to the increased adhesion of PMA- and thrombin-stimulated HUVEC. PMN preincubated with mannose-6-P or N- acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid), but not mannose or galactose-6-P, showed reduced adherence to ROS-treated HUVEC, suggesting that carbohydrate molecules were expressed on the latter and served as the ligand for the PMN L-selectin. Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), constitutively present on the surface of resting HUVEC, was involved in the PMN adherence to ROS- treated HUVEC, since this adherence was inhibited by anti-ICAM-1, anti- CD11a, anti-CD11b, and anti-CD18 MoAbs. An non-CD18, non-ICAM-1-dependent mechanism is also involved in this adherence, since effects of these MoAbs were not additive; moreover, combinations of anti-CD18 and anti-ICAM-1 MoAbs with mannose-6-P and sialic acid completely inhibited PMN adherence. The increased binding of PMN to HX-XO-exposed HUVEC observed here involved ICAM- 1, but was independent of its upregulation, and another non-ICAM-1-dependent mechanism, in which carbohydrates expressed on HUVEC recognize L-selectin on PMN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2669-2677
Number of pages9
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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