Reconstruing the "reconstruction" of psychopathy: A comment on Cooke, Michie, Hart, and Clark

Craig S. Neumann, Michael J. Vitacco, Robert D. Hare, Peggilee Wupperman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


In this comment on Cooke, Michie, Hart, and Clark (2004) we highlight critical problems in the estimation of parameters for their hierarchical three-factor model of psychopathy, as assessed with the Hare Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R; Hare, 1991, 2003), and their interpretation of these factors as causally related to socially deviant behavior. We argue that there is nothing "causal" about a model in which cross-sectional data are used to assert that antisocial tendencies are consequences of other more fundamental psychopathic traits. We present an equally viable model, based on the PCL-R four-factor solution (Hare, 2003), in which antisocial tendencies play a fundamental role in the construct of psychopathy, consistent with previous research and clinical tradition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-640
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 23 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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