Reflectance confocal microscopy terminology glossary for melanocytic skin lesions: A systematic review

Cristian Navarrete-Dechent, Konstantinos Liopyris, Jilliana Monnier, Saud Aleissa, Lindsay M. Boyce, Caterina Longo, Margaret Oliviero, Harold Rabinovitz, Ashfaq A. Marghoob, Allan C. Halpern, Giovanni Pellacani, Alon Scope, Manu Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Background: There is lack of uniformity in the reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) terminology for melanocytic lesions. Objective: To review published RCM terms for melanocytic lesions and identify redundant, synonymous terms. Methods: A systematic review of original research articles adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted until August 15, 2018. Two investigators gathered all published RCM terms used to describe melanoma and melanocytic nevi. Synonymous terms were grouped based on similarity in definition and in histopathologic correlation. Results: Out of 156 full-text screened articles, 59 studies met the inclusion criteria. We identified 209 terms; 191 (91.4%) corresponding to high-magnification/cellular-level terms and 18 (8.6%) corresponding to low-magnification/architectural patterns terms. The overall average use frequency of RCM terms was 3.1 times (range, 1-31). By grouping of individual RCM terms based on likely synonymous definitions and by eliminating terms lacking clear definition, the total number of RCM terms could be potentially reduced from 209 to 40 terms (80.8% reduction). Limitations: Non-English and non–peer-reviewed articles were excluded. Conclusions: This systematic review of published RCM terms identified significant terminology redundancy. It provides the basis for subsequent terminology consensus on melanocytic neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-119
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • diagnosis
  • melanocytic
  • melanoma
  • nevus
  • noninvasive
  • reflectance confocal microscopy
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


Dive into the research topics of 'Reflectance confocal microscopy terminology glossary for melanocytic skin lesions: A systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this