Regional Measurement of Resin-Dentin Bonding as an Array

Y. Shono, T. Ogawa, M. Terashita, R. M. Carvalho, E. L. Pashley, D. H. Pashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

266 Scopus citations


During the development of the microtensile bond-testing method, large variations in bond strengths were noted among serial sections. The reason for these variations is unknown. The purpose of this work was to determine the consistency of resin-dentin bond strengths across the occlusal surface of coronal dentin by dividing composite resin buildups into an array of 1 × 1 mm beams, the top half consisting of composite resin, and the bottom half consisting of dentin. Extracted human third molars had the occlusal enamel removed as a single section by means of a diamond saw. Resin composite buildups were made after the dentin was bonded with either One-Step or MacBond. After being stored in 37°C water for 1 day, the teeth were vertically sectioned at 1-mm increments into slabs of bonded teeth. Each slab was further subdivided by vertical sections into 1 × 1 × 8 mm beams. Each beam was assigned an x-y coordinate and tested for tensile bond strength. Two different clinicians (A and B) performed the same procedures using One-Step in a parallel study. Using One-Step, clinician A obtained a large number of zero bonds in superficial dentin but fewer in deep dentin. This resulted in a very large standard deviation in bond strengths (mean ± SD of 22 ± 20 MPa in superficial dentin and 27 ± 14 MPa in deep dentin). Clinician B obtained much higher (p < 0.001) and more uniform bond strengths with One-Step (56 ± 13 MPa in superficial dentin and 57 ± 12 MPa in deep dentin). With MacBond, there were no zero bonds and hence less variation, with a mean of 41 ± 13 MPa in superficial dentin and 27 ± 12 MPa (x̄ ± SD) in deep dentin. When pairs of Z100 resin composite cylinders were bonded together with One-Step and then sectioned into an array, there was little variation in regional bond strength (37 ± 1 MPa). Dividing bonded resin composite buildups into an array of 20 to 30 1 × 1 × 8 mm beams allows for the evaluation of uniformity of resin-dentin bonds. The method used in this study detected local regional differences in resin-dentin bond strengths. The largest differences were shown to be related to technique rather than to material. The results indicate that resin-dentin bonds may not be as homogenous as was previously thought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-705
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Adhesion
  • Bond strength
  • Dentin bonding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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