Although immunoglobulin VH mutation status (IgVH MS) is prognostic in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who are treated with alkylating agents or single-agent fludarabine, its significance in the era of chemoimmunotherapy is not known. We determined the IgVH somatic mutation status (MS) in 177 patients enrolled in a phase 2 study of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) and in 127 patients treated with subsequent chemoimmunotherapy protocols. IgVH MS did not impact significantly on the complete remission (CR) rate of patients receiving FCR or related regimens. However, CR duration was significantly shorter in patients with CLL that used unmutated IgVH than those whose CLL used mutated IgVH (TTP 47% vs 82% at 6 years, P < .001). In a multivariate model considering all baseline characteristics, IgVH MS emerged as the only determinant of remission duration (hazard ratio 3.8, P < .001). Our results suggest that postre-mission interventions should be targeted toward patients with unmutated IgVH status.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Apr 2 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology