Repair of composites: Effect of laser and different surface treatments

Daphne C. Barcellos, Vivian M. Miyazaki Santos, Li Na Niu, David H. Pashley, Franklin R. Tay, Cesar R. Pucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objectives This study investigated the repairs of resin composite restorations after using different surface treatments. Design Eighty four truncated cones of Filtek Z350 were prepared and thermo-cycled (20,000 cycles). Surfaces were roughened with diamond bur and etched with 37% phosphoric acid. Those cones were divided into 7 groups (N=12): 1) Prime&Bond 2.1; 2) aluminum oxide sandblasting+Prime&Bond 2.1; 3) Er:YAG laser treatment+Prime&Bond 2.1; 4) 9.6% hydrofluoric acid for 2 min+silane coupling agent.; 5) silane coupling agent; 6) auto-polymerized acrylic monomer+Prime&Bond 2.1; 7) Adper Scothbond SE. Teflon device was used to fabricate inverted truncated cones of repair composite over the surface-treated. The bonded specimens were stressed to failure under tension. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Results Mean repair strengths (SD, in MPa) were, Group-2: 18.8a; Group-1: 18.7a; Group-6: 13.4ab; Group-7: 9.5bc; Group-3: 7.5bcd; Group-4: 5.2cd; Group-5: 2.6d. Conclusions The use of diamond bur and a conventional adhesive and the use of aluminum oxide sandblasting prior to adhesive provided a simple and cost-effective solutions to composite repair. Er:YAG laser, silane alone, 9.6% hydrofluoric acid plus silane or a self-etching adhesive results in inferior composite repair strengths. Clinical relevance Diamond bur roughening alone or in combination with aluminum oxide sandblasting is equally effective in preparing a roughened surface for resin composite repair using Prime&Bond 2.1 as the adhesive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
StatePublished - Jun 2015


  • Composite resin repair
  • Laser
  • Nanofilled composite resin
  • Silane
  • Silica coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics


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