Resin permeation into acid-conditioned, moist, and dry dentin: A paradigm using water-free adhesive primers

F. R. Tay, A. J. Gwinnett, K. M. Pang, S. H.Y. Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Scopus citations


Preservation of the morphological integrity of demineralized dentin collagen in its hydrated state may account for the success observed in wet-bonding procedures. This study investigated the micromorphological differences between moist- and dry-bonding techniques with the use of: (a) Aelitebond, an alcohol-based, water-free, single-component dentin adhesive primer system; and (b) a water-free, acetone-based experimental primer similar to the acetone-based, water-containing All-Bond 2, a two-component primer system. In the wet groups, acid-conditioned dentin surfaces were blotted so that they remained visibly moist prior to bonding. In the dry groups, dentin surfaces were air-dried for 30 sec. Following the bonding procedures, dentin discs in each group were laminated together by means of a chemical-cure resin and processed for scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) examination. Conditioning with 10% H3PO4 for 20 sec. produced complete demineralization of the outer dentin. In the wet groups, banded collagen and interfibrillar spaces could be observed at the surface of the acid-conditioned dentin. Complete wetting of the loosely arranged collagen fibrils by the resin resulted in the formation of a hybrid layer. In the dry groups, only a very thin hybrid layer was observed on the dentin surface, along the walls of the tubules, and along the course of their lateral branches. The absence of banded collagen and interfibrillar spaces within these areas suggested the existence of a collapsed dentin matrix along various liquid-vapor boundaries that restricted resin permeation into the subsurface intertubular matrix, producing an incompletely infiltrated "hybridoid region".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1034-1044
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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