The resting potential (E(m)) of freshly isolated rabbit corneal endothelium was measured at room temperature (22°C) and at 34°C. Due to the wide range of values reported in the literature and the difficulty in obtaining long-term measurements using microelectrodes in these cells, a current-clamp technique was employed using whole cell patch-clamp electrodes. The electrodes contained a K+ methanesulfonate-based intracellular solution, and a NaCl/HCO3- Ringer's solution was used extra-cellularly. Three preparations of endothelium were examined: single dissociated cells, the isolated monolayer (stripped from the stroma with Descemet's membrane), and the intact isolated cornea. The perforated-patch technique, with amphotericin B in the electrode, was also used with the intact-cornea preparation at 34°C. The mean E(m) values for the combined preparations at 22°C and 34°C were -35.3 mV and -55.0 mV, respectively; those for the intact-cornea preparation were -34.4 mV and -61.6 mV (at 22°C and 34°C, respectively). The isolated monolayer preparation showed a small but significant depolarization at both temperatures. These results demonstrate temperature dependence for E(m) in the corneal endothelium and show that more extensively dissected preparations have similar although not identical E(m)s to those of the intact cornea.
|Number of pages
|Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
|Published - 1991
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience