Risk factors of instability following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with no history of shoulder surgery

Margaret A. Sinkler, Joshua D. Dolan, Drew Henderson, Michael J. Steflik, Frank D. Lewis, Stephen A. Parada, Lynn A Crosby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: As its indications expand, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) utilization continues to increase. Though relatively uncommon, instability following rTSA can be associated with significant morbidity and need for subsequent revision and treatment. This case control study aims to characterize factors leading to instability after rTSA, especially in those with no previous shoulder surgery. Methods: 194 rTSAs performed within the study period with appropriate operative indications and follow-up were included. Risk factors used in analysis included age, gender, BMI, ASA class, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), glenosphere, tray, and liner size. Data was analyzed using a hierarchical binary logistical regression to create a predictive model for instability. Results: Seven patients sustained a post-operative dislocation. Mean time to dislocation was 60.4 weeks. Five required open reduction with placement of either a larger humeral tray or polyethylene spacer. One required open reduction with osteophyte removal, and one was converted to a resection arthroplasty. Dislocators were more likely to have a larger BMI (p = 0.002), higher ASA classification (p = 0.09), and larger liner size (p = 0.01). Conclusion: This study demonstrates a large series of patients successfully treated with rTSA. Dislocations were an uncommon complication, but were clearly associated with higher patient BMI, ASA classification, and increased liner size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
  • Comorbidity
  • Dislocation
  • Exactech equinoxe
  • Operative instability
  • Retrospective studies
  • Risk factors
  • Shoulder
  • Shoulder prosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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