Scleroderma dermal microvascular endothelial cells exhibit defective response to pro-angiogenic chemokines

Pei Suen Tsou, Bradley J. Rabquer, Ray A. Ohara, William A. Stinson, Phillip L. Campbell, M. Asif Amin, Beatrix Balogh, George Zakhem, Paul A. Renauer, Ann Lozier, Eshwar Arasu, G. Kenneth Haines, Bashar Kahaleh, Elena Schiopu, Dinesh Khanna, Alisa E. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Angiogenesis plays a critical role in SSc (scleroderma). The aim of this study was to examine the expression of growth-regulated protein-γ (Gro-γ/CXCL3), granulocyte chemotactic protein 2 (GCP-2/CXCL6) and their receptor CXCR2 in endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from SSc skin and determine whether these cells mount an angiogenic response towards pro-angiogenic chemokines. The downstream signalling pathways as well as the pro-angiogenic transcription factor inhibitor of DNA-binding protein 1 (Id-1) were also examined. Methods. Skin biopsies were obtained from patients with dcSSc. ECs were isolated via magnetic positive selection. Angiogenesis was measured by EC chemotaxis assay. Results. Gro-γ/CXCL3 and GCP-2/CXCL6 were minimally expressed in both skin types but elevated in SSc serum. Pro-angiogenic chemokine mRNA was greater in SSc ECs than in normal ECs. SSc ECs did not migrate to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Gro-γ/CXCL3, GCP-2/CXCL6 or CXCL16. The signalling pathways stimulated by these chemokines were also dysregulated. Id-1 mRNA in SSc ECs was lower compared with normal ECs, and overexpression of Id-1 in SSc ECs increased their ability to migrate towards VEGF and CXCL16. Conclusion. Our results show that SSc ECs are unable to respond to pro-angiogenic chemokines despite their increased expression in serum and ECs. This might be due to the differences in the signalling pathways activated by these chemokines in normal vs SSc ECs. In addition, the lower expression of Id-1 also decreases the angiogenic response. The inability of pro-angiogenic chemokines to promote EC migration provides an additional mechanism for the impaired angiogenesis that characterizes SSc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberkev399
Pages (from-to)745-754
Number of pages10
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Chemokines
  • Scleroderma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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