The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in the expression of the endothelin (ET) system in the peripheral vasculature of diabetic African-American (AA) and Caucasian (CA) patients. Tibial artery specimens were obtained from diabetic (AAD = 8 and CAD = 5) and non-diabetic (AAND = 6 and CAND = 5) patients undergoing lower limb amputation. The gene expression of ET-1 precursor (PPET-1), ETAR and ETBR was determined by a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction technique. PPET-1 and ETAR expression was up-regulated 4- and 3-fold, respectively, in both AA and CA diabetics (P<.05 vs non-diabetics). ETBR mRNA was significantly lower in AA diabetic patients. Function of ET-1 and ET receptors was assessed by vascular contractility assays. Vascular relaxation in response to sodium nitroprusside in arteries precontracted with ET-1 was significantly lower in AA (58% ± 9) as compared to CA diabetics (74% ± 5) (P<.05). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the ET system is altered in favor of the contractile phenotype in AA diabetics and may contribute to the increased incidence of vascular complications in this population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Ethnicity and Disease|
|State||Published - 2002|
- African American
- Vascular reactivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas