Serum response factor-dependent regulation of the smooth muscle calponin gene

Joseph M. Miano, Michael J. Carlson, Jeffrey A. Spencer, Ravi P. Misra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Smooth muscle calponin is a multifunctional, thin filament-associated protein whose expression is restricted to smooth muscle cell lineages in developing and postnatal tissues. Although the physiology of smooth muscle calponin has been studied extensively, the cis-elements governing its restricted pattern of expression have yet to be identified. Here we report on smooth muscle-specific enhancer activity within the first intron of smooth muscle calponin. Sequence analysis revealed a proximal consensus intronic CArG box and two distal intronic CArG-like elements, each of which bound recombinant serum response factor (SRF) as well as immunoreactive SRF from smooth muscle nuclear extracts. Site-directed mutagenesis studies suggested that the consensus CArG box mediates much of the intronic enhancer activity; mutating all three CArG elements abolished the ability of SRF to confer enhancer activity on the smooth muscle calponin promoter. Cotransfecting a dominant-negative SRF construct attenuated smooth muscle-specific enhancer activity, and transducing smooth muscle cells with adenovirus harboring the dominant-negative SRF construct selectively reduced steady-state expression of endogenous smooth muscle calponin. These results demonstrate an important role for intronic CArG boxes and the SRF protein in the transcriptional control of smooth muscle calponin in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9814-9822
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number13
StatePublished - Mar 31 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Serum response factor-dependent regulation of the smooth muscle calponin gene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this