Sex-specific extracellular matrix remodeling during early adipogenic differentiation by gestational bisphenol A exposure

Yong Pu, Elvis Ticiani, Anita A. Waye, Kunzhe Dong, Huanmin Zhang, Almudena Veiga-Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting chemical known to promote adipose tissue mass in vivo and adipogenesis in vitro. Whether BPA can affect and reprogram early adipogenic differentiation signals that trigger adipogenic differentiation, remains unknown. We hypothesized that gestational BPA exposure results in a preadipocyte phenotype that leads to accelerated adipogenic differentiation, and that this phenotype is sex specific. Primary ovine fetal preadipocytes were derived from control (C) and BPA-exposed during pregnancy and differentiated in vitro. Gestational BPA enhanced lipid accumulation at early stages of differentiation (48 h) and this was evident in females but not male-derived fetal preadipocytes. After an RNA sequencing approach, samples were compared as follows: 2 groups (C vs. BPA); 2 sexes (female (F) vs. male (M)); and 2 time points (0 h vs. 48 h). Before differentiation, 15 genes were differentially expressed between the C and the BPA-exposed preadipocytes within sex. In BPA-F, extracellular matrix remodeling genes cathepsin K and collagen 5α3 were upregulated compared to C–F. At 48 h, BPA-F had 154 genes differentially expressed vs. C–F and BPA-M had 487 genes differentially expressed vs. C-M. Triglyceride and glycerophospholipid metabolism were the most upregulated pathways in BPA-F. Downregulated pathways were associated with extracellular matrix organization in BPA-exposed preadipocytes. These findings are among the first to demonstrate that gestational BPA can modify the fate of adipocyte precursors by altering pathways associated to extracellular matrix components, an often-disregarded, but required aspect of adipogenic differentiation. This work highlights the need to investigate early adipogenic differentiation changes in other obesogenic chemicals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134806
JournalChemosphere
Volume302
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Adipogenesis
  • Bisphenol A
  • Fetal
  • Preadipocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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