Soluble tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptors in the serum of endometriosis patients

Essam R. Othman, Daniela Hornung, Mostafa Hussein, Ibraheem I. Abdelaal, Ayat A. Sayed, Ahmed N. Fetih, Ayman Al-Hendy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Introduction We examine serum levels sTNFR-I and sTNFR-II in endometriosis patients, and their role as biomarkers of endometriosis. Material and methods Women were diagnosed with endometriosis during laparoscopy to investigate pelvic pain and/or infertility (N = 62). Control group included women with pelvic pain and/or infertility, whose laparoscopy showed no abnormalities (N = 55). Serum concentrations of sTNFR-I and sTNFR-II were measured using Bioplex Protein Array system. Non-parametric statistics were used. Results Endometriosis patients had significantly higher levels of sTNFR-I than controls (257.46 pg/ml, IQR = 2.37-1048.92 versus 130.39 pg/ml, IQR = 0.99-361.1 respectively, P value = 0.01). For TNFR-II, difference between women with (232 pg/ml, IQR = 0.0-624.4), and women without (132.93 pg/ml, IQR = 0.0-312.81) endometriosis was not significant (P value = 0.05). Early stage endometriosis patients had significantly higher level of sTNFR-I (559.13, IQR = 1.82-1289.86) and sTNFR-II (248.8, IQR = 0-644.65) than control women (P value is 0.01 for TNFR-I and 0.04 for TNFR-II). Levels of sTNFR-I and sTNFR-II were comparable for advanced endometriosis and controls, and between early and advanced endometriosis. As a biomarker for all- stage endometriosis, sTNFR-I produces AUC of 0.62, sensitivity of 61%, and specificity of 47.3%, at a cutoff of 81.87 pg/ml. For early stage disease, sTNFR-I yields AUC of 0.68, sensitivity of 60.7%, specificity of 75%, at a cutoff of 351.22 pg/ml. Conclusion sTNFR-I is significantly higher in serum of endometriosis patients than controls. As an endometriosis biomarker, sTNFR-I achieves better performance for early stage disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Endometriosis
  • Non invasive diagnosis
  • Serum
  • Soluble TNF receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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