Spirituality and entrepreneurship

Debra Beazley, Gary Gemmill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This empirical study was designed to examine the relationship of the personal spirituality beliefs of servant leaders to their actual behavior as servant leaders. For purposes of the study the Spiritual Assessment Scale was used to measure spirituality beliefs while the leadership portion of the Servant Organizational Leadership Assessment inventory was used to measure servant leadership behavior. The research subjects for the study were 62 managers and 97 subordinates who were employed by TO Industries in Dallas, Texas; an organization that purports to use servant leadership philosophy. The research results revealed that the more managers were perceived as servant leaders the more likely they were to have both stronger spirituality beliefs particularly in those related to moral philosophies that emphasize the virtues of honesty, humility, and service to others. Additionally, an ANOYA and post hoc pairwise multiple comparison indicated a difference in perception of servant leadership behavior due to years spent studying servant leadership principles and years employed at TO Industries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-270
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Management, Spirituality and Religion
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006


  • Prayer
  • Servant Leadership
  • Spirituality
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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