Sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside is a ligand for T cell adhesion: Regulation of sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside expression via nuclear factor κB signaling

Somsankar Dasgupta, Jeane Silva, Guanghu Wang, Robert K. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β stimulate glucuronosyl-transferase genes (S and P) in endothelial cells (ECs) and up-regulate sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside (SGPG) expression, which serves as a ligand for T cell adhesion. However, the mechanism of cytokine-mediated gene up-regulation has not been elucidated. To evaluate the precise mechanism of SGPG up-regulation, we have specifically inhibited the SGPG synthesis in the cerebromicrovascular EC line (SV-HCECs), a transformed brain ECs of human origin. SV-HCECs were transfected with small interfering RNA designed to mimic the human natural killer epitope-1 sulfo-transferase (HNK-1ST), the ultimate enzyme that transfers the sulfate group to glucuronic acid for SGPG synthesis. An inhibition of SGPG expression along with a reduction of human CD4+ cell adhesion was observed in siRNA HNK-1ST (siHNK-1)-transfected cells after TNFa stimulation. A thorough screening of the signaling system confirmed that TNFαa/IL-1β stimulation up-regulated nuclear factor κB (NFκB) signaling in SV-HCECs. siHNK-1 transfection interfered with the SGPG up-regulation after TNFα/IL-1β stimulation in transfected cells and reduced the T cell adhesion. Hence, our study indicates that T cell-SGPG adhesion in SV-HCECs may proceed through NFκB activation. In addition, siHNK-1 transfection reduced the NFκB activity compared with cells that were transfected with scrambled siRNA, before and after TNFα/IL-1β stimulation. This is the first report indicating that NFκB signaling is involved in SGPG gene expression in brain ECs by an unknown mechanism. Its down-regulation by inhibiting HNK-1ST expression may have a potential use in preventing the T cell invasion and consequently nerve damage during inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3591-3599
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number16
StatePublished - Dec 2009


  • Blood-brain/nerve barrier
  • Endothelial cell
  • Glycosphingolipid
  • Human natural killer antigen
  • NFκB signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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