Synthesis and properties of castor oil-based waterborne polyurethane cloisite 30B nanocomposite coatings

Siva Sankar Panda, Bishnu Prasad Panda, Smita Mohanty, Sanjay K. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Waterborne polyurethane dispersions (WPUDs) were synthesized successfully from castor oil-based polyol, isophorone diisocyanate and dimethylol propionic acid with NCO/OH ratio of 1.5. Different weight percentages of cloisite 30B (1, 2, and 3 wt%) were loaded with WPUDs to prepare nanocomposite films. Prepared prepolymer and nanocomposite films were characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM, TEM, DSC, and TGA techniques, and coating properties, such as pencil hardness, abrasion resistance, impact resistance, and contact angle, were evaluated. The results obtained from different amounts of clay loading were compared with the pristine castor oil-based WPUDs. The FTIR spectra deconvolution technique was used to study the hydrogen bonding effect within the polymer with an increase in clay content. TGA analysis showed that the thermal stability of WPUDs increases with cloisite 30B (C30B) content. The surface morphology and hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity nature of the nanocomposite films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurement. The results obtained from tensile tests indicated that the mechanical property of the dispersion system improved with C30B content. A high-performance castor oil-based nanocomposite coating with low volatile organic component can be targeted as an outcome of this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Coatings Technology Research
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 6 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Coating properties
  • Morphological studies
  • Polyurethane waterborne dispersion
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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