Testing clinical therapeutic angiogenesis using basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2)

Ronnier J. Aviles, Brian H. Annex, Robert J. Lederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Therapeutic angiogenesis represents an attempt to relieve inadequate blood flow by the directed growth and proliferation of blood vessels. Neovascularization is a complex process involving multiple growth factors, receptors, extracellular matrix glycoproteins, intracellular and extracellular signaling pathways, and local and bone-marrow-derived constituent cells, all responding to a symphonic arrangement of temporal and spatial cues. In cardiovascular disease, patients with refractory angina and lower extremity intermittent claudication seem most amenable to early tests of therapeutic angiogenesis. Monotherapy with the recombinant protein basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) has been tested in six human trials. These have shown provisional safety, and two have provided 'proof of concept' for the strategy of therapeutic angiogenesis. One large randomized phase II trial failed to show significant efficacy in coronary artery disease. Another showed significant efficacy in peripheral artery disease, although the magnitude of benefit was disappointing at the dose tested. This overview details the suitable clinical trial design and further steps toward the clinical development of FGF-2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-646
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Clinical trials
  • Fibroblast growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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